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足球越位规则(小白的福音)(2015.04.10第六次修订)

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足球越位规则的解释(小白版)(2015.04.10第六次修订)

本规定为足球越位规则的解释,是一部根据站长多年看球经验、以及多位“真⋅球迷”的修改增进、

和参照百度百科越位规则维基百科越位规则(墙内上不去)

FIFA的越位规则Laws of the Game 的第36页 LAW 11 – OFFSIDE 和 law_11_offside_en_47383 有关越位)的解释,

综合定制的较详细通俗解释

针对对象为:“伪⋅球迷”们、“女球迷”们、女球迷们、初学球迷们和孩子们。

若广大资深老球迷和“真⋅球迷”看出本解释漏洞,请予以斧正。

越位分四种情况,1普通2单刀3对方全部压上4其他(特殊情况)

其中第1、2、3的情况概括了99%的一般越位规则:“()内为上一句相关解释”

1、普通情况

当进攻球员在对方半场(我方进攻半场)(一般是接球者考虑在对方半场,传球者无需考虑,传球者通常比接球者更远离对方底线)!且接球者比球更靠近对方底线,传球者传球一瞬间,以倒数第二名防守球员(一般是后卫)所站的位置平行底线的平行线为越位线,包括射门、传球、踢立柱或横梁被弹回和踢到裁判被弹回都算在判别越位的里面!

2、单刀球时

当进攻球员在对方半场,进攻球员直接面对最后一名防守球员时(一般是门将), 其他防守球员均在身后(如身前无其他非门将防守球员),则以出球一瞬间时,球(球的对地投影为一个圆)所在位置平行于底线的平行线为越位线,包括射门、传球、踢立柱或横梁被弹回和踢到裁判被弹回都算在判别越位的里面!

3、对方全部压上,即对方球员全部参与进攻

当对方半场(我方进攻半场、对方球员此时在我方防守半场)有且仅有一名防守球员(一般是门将)及以下(无防守球员),其他球员(包括我方球员和对方球员)均在我方半场(防守半场),此时以中线为越位线!
当球已经比中线更靠近对方底线时参照规则2单刀判定越位!

4、特殊情况

(1)、当有球员离场(多数因伤离场,少数有气愤不满裁判或抗议等),只有裁判同意后,属于离场状态,否则均属于比赛状态。如:有防守人员在防守半场(对方球员的进攻半场)的底线外,则均在列,算进越位规则判定里!
(2)、当进攻方传球者传球后,球碰到防守球员,然后弹到进攻方接球者(未出界)的情况:需看球在碰到防守球员一瞬间防守球员是否施力,同时也要看进攻方接球者是否参照规则1/2/3来判定越位。
若防守球员无施力(球只是碰到防守球员而以,属无意识触球),则如同球踢到立柱、横梁和裁判一样,判断接球者是否越位参照越位规则(1普通2单刀3对方全部压上);
若防守球员施力(属有意识触球),致使球改变原有路线,不管进攻方接球者是否处于越位位置,均不算越位。
如:我方后卫回传门将力道太小,致使对方球员拿到球形成单刀或空门(此时不管对方球员是否越位,均以不越位算)!
(3)、当进攻球员出球(一般是射门)一瞬间,球的路线指向对方门将(防守方守门员)的防守控制范围内(一般是门框范围内),进攻方其他若干球员(一般就一名)有在球的路线上或附近的情况:若处在路线附近的进攻方其他球员有明显影响对方门将对球路判断的行为,和有进攻方其他球员直接在球的路线上(球一般从胯下穿过),且处于路线上或附近的进攻方这位球员必须是越位(按规则1/2/3判定),不管是否触球,均以越位判!若处于路线上或附近的进攻方其他球员没有越位(按规则1/2/3判定),不管是否触球,则不越位!
等等(有待补充)……

注:

接球者比越位线更靠近对方半场(进攻半场)的底线,则越位;
接球者平行越位线或比越位线更远离对方半场(进攻半场)的底线,均不越位!

一句话概括(教科书)

己方出球瞬间,接球人比对方倒数第二个球员和足球更接近对方底线,则越位。平行对方倒数第二个球员或身前有两名球员,己方半场,都不越位。

转载请注明:爱科普 » 足球越位规则(小白的福音)(2015.04.10第六次修订)

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